Reading and Composition Requirement

 Guidelines for Reading and Composition Courses

  • In order to provide a solid foundation in reading, writing and critical thinking for work in the major, the College requires two semesters of lower division work in composition—Reading and Composition (R&C), parts A and B, in sequential order.
  • All undergraduates must complete the Reading and Composition (R&C) requirement by the end of their fourth semester, or their enrollment will be blocked for the following semester.
  • A letter grade of C- or better is required.
  • Students who have been admitted to Berkeley and have not completed Entry Level Writing, must enroll in College Writing R1A which satisfies both Entry Level Writing and the first half of R&C.
  • With the exception of CLASSIC R44, courses fulfilling the Reading and Composition requirement may not be applied to other College breadth requirements.

Satisfying the Reading and Composition Requirement with High School Work

  • Advanced Placement Exam in English Literature and Composition—score of 4 satisfies first semester, score of 5 satisfies both semesters.
  • Advanced Placement Exam in English Language and Composition—score of 4 or 5 satisfies first semester.
  • International Baccalaureate Higher Level Examination in English: Literature (formerly English A1) - score of 5, 6 or 7 satisfies both semesters.
  • A-level English Literature Exam—grade of A, B or C satisfies both semesters for students entering Berkeley fall 2017 and prior. Beginning with those students admitted for fall 2018, this exam will no longer fulfill R&C.

Satisfying the Reading and Composition Requirement at Berkeley

  • Successful completion with a C- grade or better of two designated Reading and Composition courses in sequence order. Review all approved below.

Satisfying the Reading and Composition Requirement with Transfer Work

  • Transfer courses must be taken on a letter-graded basis and be completed with a grade of C- or better. At schools where an equivalent articulated course is offered only on a Passed/Not Passed basis, a Passed grade will be accepted in fulfillment of the requirement.
  • For courses from California community colleges, review ASSIST. Note: IGETC certification from a California community college or a letter of reciprocity from a UC campus satisfies the Reading and Composition requirement (and all other L&S breadth requirements).
  • For courses from CSUs or UCs, please contact the Evaluation Unit at 510-642-7391.

Letters & Science Students Only

  • For courses from all remaining institutions, please review Transfer Informationfor currently articulated courses from non-UC, CSU or CCC institutions. If your institution is not on the list, please email the name of the school and the course you wish to have reviewed to asklns@berkeley.edu with the subject line “R&C Articulation Request.” Only courses that satisfy a writing requirement at your institution are eligible for articulation.​

Note: Transfer students may satisfy the Reading and Composition requirement with IGETC or UC Reciprocity.

Meets the First Half of the Reading and Composition Requirement

AFRICAM R1AFreshman Composition
AFRICAM R1ANReading and Composition
ASAMST R2AReading and Composition
CELTIC R1AVoices of the Celtic World
CHICANO R1AReading and Composition
CHICANO R1ANReading and Composition
COLWRIT R1AAccelerated Reading and Composition
COLWRIT R4AReading and Composition
COM LIT H1AEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT N1AEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT R1AEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT R2AEnglish Composition in Connection with Reading of World and French Literature
COM LIT R3AEnglish Composition in Connection with Reading of World and Hispanic Literature
ENGLISH N1AFirst-Year Reading and Composition
ENGLISH R1AReading and Composition
ENGLISH R1ANFirst-Year Reading and Composition
FILM R1AThe Craft of Writing - Film Focus
FRENCH R1AEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of Literature
GERMAN R5AReading and Composition
ITALIAN R5AReading and Composition
LEGALST R1AReading and Composition in Connection with the Law as a Social Institution
NATAMST R1ANative American Studies Reading and Composition
NE STUD R1AReading and Composition in Near Eastern Studies
RHETOR R1AThe Craft of Writing
S ASIAN R5AGreat Books of India
S,SEASN R5ASelf, Representation, and Nation
SCANDIN R5AReading and Composition
SLAVIC R5AReading and Composition
SPANISH R1AReading and Composition Through Readings from the Spanish-Speaking World
THEATER R1APerformance: Writing and Research

Meets the Second Half of the Reading and Composition Requirement

AFRICAM R1BFreshman Composition
ANTHRO R5BReading and Composition in Anthropology
ASAMST R2BReading and Composition
CELTIC R1BVoices of the Celtic World
CHICANO R1BReading and Composition
COLWRIT R4BReading, Composition, and Research
COM LIT H1BEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT N1BEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT R1BEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of World Literature
COM LIT R2BEnglish Composition in Connection with Reading of World and French Literature
COM LIT R3BEnglish Composition in Connection with Reading of World and Hispanic Literature
EA LANG R1BReading and Composition on topics in East Asian Humanities
ENGLISH N1BFirst-Year Reading and Composition
ENGLISH R1BReading and Composition
ENV DES R3BReading and Composition in Energy, Society, and Environmental Design
FILM R1BThe Craft of Writing - Film Focus
FRENCH R1BEnglish Composition in Connection with the Reading of Literature
GERMAN R5BReading and Composition
GWS N1BReading and Composition
GWS R1BReading and Composition
HISTART R1BReading and Writing about Visual Experience
HISTORY R1BReading and Composition in History
ITALIAN R5BReading and Composition
LEGALST R1BReading and Composition in Connection with the Law as a Social Institution
LINGUIS R1BEndangered Languages: What We Lose when a Language Dies
LINGUIS R2BLanguage and Linguistics in Science Fiction
MUSIC R1BReading and Writing about Music
NATAMST R1BNative American Studies Reading and Composition
NE STUD R1BReading and Composition in Near Eastern Studies
NWMEDIA R1BNew Media Reading and Composition
PHILOS R1BReading and Composition Through Philosophy
RHETOR R1BThe Craft of Writing
S ASIAN R5BIndia in the Writer's Eye
S,SEASN R5BUnder Western Eyes
SCANDIN R5BReading and Composition
SLAVIC R5BReading and Composition
SOCIOL R1BSociological Reading & Composition
SPANISH R1BReading and Composition Through Readings from the Spanish-Speaking World
THEATER R1BPerformance: Writing and Research

Meets Either Half of the Reading and Composition Requirement

CLASSIC R44Roots of Western Civilization
HISTORY R1The Practice of History
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