Energy and Resources

University of California, Berkeley

About the Program


The Energy and Resources Group (ERG) is an aca­d­e­mic unit within the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley. Our vision is a future in which the twin goals of human well-being and a healthy envi­ron­ment are mutu­ally and sus­tain­ably sat­is­fied. ERG’s mis­sion is to develop and trans­mit the crit­i­cal knowl­edge needed to make such a future pos­si­ble. We view soci­ety and the envi­ron­ment as an inex­tri­ca­bly cou­pled sys­tem. ERG research there­fore empha­sizes (1) science-based knowl­edge of the envi­ron­men­tal con­se­quences of resource use; (2) ana­lyt­i­cal tools that pro­mote effi­ciency, con­ser­va­tion, afford­abil­ity, and equity in energy and resource use pat­terns; and (3) a deep under­stand­ing of the social and insti­tu­tional con­texts in which resource and envi­ron­men­tal prob­lems arise, and in which cre­ative and eth­i­cal solu­tions can be sus­tained. It is this syn­the­sis of basic sci­ence, prac­ti­cal problem-solving, and con­struc­tive social cri­tique that defines ERG.

The ERG Minor offers under­grad­u­ates the oppor­tu­nity to develop basic knowl­edge and skills to help them address the com­plex and inter­de­pen­dent issues asso­ci­ated with the inter­ac­tion of social, eco­nomic, polit­i­cal, tech­ni­cal, and envi­ron­men­tal fac­tors. Though it is primarily designed to com­ple­ment majors in the nat­ural sci­ences and engi­neer­ing, stu­dents in any major with the appro­pri­ate pre­req­ui­sites may pur­sue the ERG minor. Based on a six-course set of prerequisites in mathematics and natural sciences, the minor is satisfied by completing five upper division courses, including two core courses and three electives.

The Energy and Resources Group is respon­si­ble for mon­i­tor­ing the minor pro­gram and will des­ig­nate one fac­ulty mem­ber as the head ERG minor adviser. It is the under­grad­u­ate academic advi­ser who will be charged with cer­ti­fy­ing com­ple­tion of the minor.  All core fac­ulty mem­bers will par­tic­i­pate in advis­ing stu­dents in the minor, just as they do grad­u­ate students.

Declaring the Minor

Students interested in pursuing the ERG minor should submit an Intent to Declare the ERG Minor form the semester in which upper division ERG minor coursework is started. The department maintains a list of students pursuing the minor to keep students informed about any ERG-related opportunities or course offerings that arise. Students completing the ERG minor are also given a special mention during the ERG commencement ceremony in May.

For information on how to submit your intent to pursue the minor,  review how the lower division prerequisites may be completed with AP, IB, or A-Level exams, and declare the minor once completed, please visit the ERG website.

Summer Minor

The interdisciplinary summer minor in Sustainability focuses on environmental science, policy, and behavior. Students complete courses in:

  • Global and local environmental change
  • The science, engineering, economics, and policy of renewable energy
  • The economics of degradation and sustainability
  • Environmental justice

The new Summer-only Minor or Certificate in Sustainability is open to matriculated UC Berkeley undergraduates, students from other institutions, and the general public. Upon completion, UC Berkeley undergraduates receive a Minor in Sustainability, while other participants receive a Certificate in Sustainability from UC Berkeley.

Visit Group Website

Minor Requirements

Students who have a strong interest in an area of study outside their major often decide to complete a minor program. These programs have set requirements and are noted officially on the transcript in the memoranda section, but they are not noted on diplomas.

General Guidelines

  1. All courses taken to fulfill the minor requirements below must be taken for graded credit.

  2. A minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 is required for courses used to fulfill the minor requirements.

  3. No more than one upper division course may be used to simultaneously fulfill requirements for a student's major and minor programs.

  4. At least four upper division courses must be taken at Berkeley.

Lower Division Recommended Course Work

Students have or will develop strong foundations in math, physics, chemistry, and biology.

Many of the ERG minor upper division courses require students have completed: MATH 1A-MATH 1B or MATH 16A-MATH 16BPHYSICS 7A-PHYSICS 7B or PHYSICS 8A- PHYSICS 8B; CHEM 1A or CHEM 4Aand BIOLOGY 1B

Lower division prerequisites for the ERG minor can be satisfied with Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate and other transfer credit. Please visit the ERG Minor Website for more information. Please consult with the ERG minor advisor if you have not taken or not yet placed out of the lower division coursework.

Upper Division Requirements

Upper division requirements (five courses):
Two core courses:
ENE,RES C100/PUB POL C184Energy and Society4
ENE,RES 102Quantitative Aspects of Global Environmental Problems4
Three upper division electives, approved by the ERG faculty (see below):
At least one course must be in the social sciences.
At least one course must be in the natural sciences or engineering.
At one of the three upper division electives must be from the ERG department.


The choice of electives should be made with two goals in mind: exploring the range of approaches available to address energy and resource issues and complementing the student's major. The latter can be achieved by adding relevant depth in closely related areas or by exploring methods and approaches that contrast with the tools and knowledge base employed in the major. Students are encouraged to discuss their program with the ERG minor advisor.

The following courses have been approved, but students should contact the the head ERG minor advisor to request approval of alternate courses. At least four upper division courses must be taken at Berkeley.

Social science electives
ENE,RES/ENVECON/IAS C176Climate Change Economics4
ENE,RES 175Water and Development4
ENE,RES 180Ecological Economics in Historical Context3
ECON/ENVECON C102Natural Resource Economics4
ECON C171/ENVECON C151Economic Development4
ESPM 102DClimate and Energy Policy4
ESPM 155ACSociology and Political Ecology of Agro-Food Systems4
ESPM 160AC/HISTORY 120ACAmerican Environmental and Cultural History4
ESPM 161Environmental Philosophy and Ethics4
ESPM 168Political Ecology4
ESPM 169International Environmental Politics4
Natural science and engineering electives
ENE,RES 101Ecology and Society3
CIV ENG 103Introduction to Hydrology3
CIV ENG 107Climate Change Mitigation3
CIV ENG 111Environmental Engineering3
CIV ENG 114Environmental Microbiology3
CIV ENG 115Water Chemistry3
EPS 117Geomorphology4
ESPM 111Ecosystem Ecology4
ESPM 112Microbial Ecology3
ESPM 120Soil Characteristics3
ESPM/EPS C129Biometeorology3
ESPM 131Soil Microbial Ecology3
ESPM 140General Entomology4
ESPM/EPS C180/CIV ENG C106Air Pollution3
INTEGBI 106APhysical and Chemical Environment of the Ocean4
INTEGBI 152Environmental Toxicology4
INTEGBI 153Ecology3
INTEGBI 157LFEcosystems of California4
Other electives
CY PLAN 119Planning for Sustainability3
ENE,RES 190Seminar in Energy and Resources Issues3
ESPM 118Agricultural Ecology4

Summer Minor Requirements

Summer-only Minor and Certificate in Sustainability

Energy & Resources Group new summer minor and certificate program in Sustainability is open to matriculated UC Berkeley undergraduates and summer-only students starting in Summer 2018. Upon completion, UC Berkeley undergraduates receive a Minor in Sustainability; summer-only students receive a Certificate in Sustainability from UC Berkeley. More information can be found by clicking here .


The Sustainability minor or certificate focuses on environmental sustainability. Students complete courses in global and local environmental change; fossil fuels; the science, engineering, and economics of renewable energy; biodiversity; the economics of degradation; and sustainable economics, policy, and environmental justice. Scholarship available to eligible students.

15 total units of coursework are required, which can be completed in either one or two summers. UC Berkeley undergraduates may elect to take Energy and Society (ENE,RES C100 Energy and Society or PUB POL C184 Energy and Society) either in the summer or the fall. All other courses will be offered during the summer only and are unique to summer.  ERG will offer two Economics courses ( The Economics of Climate Change  and Ecological Economics) in alternate years.

ENE,RES C100/PUB POL C184Energy and Society4
ENE,RES 170Environmental Classics3
ENE,RES N176Economics of Climate Change3
ENE,RES 101Ecology and Society3
ENE,RES 190Seminar in Energy and Resources Issues3


Energy and Resources

Faculty and Instructors

+ Indicates this faculty member is the recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award.


David Anthoff, Assistant Professor. Environmental economics, climate policy, integrated assessment models.
Research Profile

Duncan Callaway, Assistant Professor. Modeling and control of aggregated storage devices, power management, and system analysis of energy technologies and their impact.
Research Profile

John Harte, Professor. Global change, ecology, sustainability, energy policy, theoretical ecology, biodiversityl.
Research Profile

Daniel M. Kammen, Professor. Public policy, nuclear engineering, energy, resources, risk analysis as applied to global warming, methodological studies of forecasting, hazard assessment, renewable energy technologies, environmental resource management.
Research Profile

Catherine Koshland, Professor. Air pollution, metals, energy, resources, environmental human health, mechanistic analyses of combustion products in flow reactors, control strategies in urban airsheds, pollutant formation, chlorinated hydrocarbons, particulates, industrial ecology.
Research Profile

Isha Ray, Associate Professor. Water and development, Gender, water and sanitation, technology and development.
Research Profile

Margaret S. Torn, Associate Adjunct Professor.


Jalel Marti Sager, Lecturer.

Emeritus Faculty

John P. Holdren, Professor Emeritus.

Richard B. Norgaard, Professor Emeritus. Energy, resources, policy process, understanding of systems, environmental problems challenging scientific understanding, globalization effects, tropical forestry and agriculture, environmental epistemology, energy economics, ecological economics.
Research Profile

Gene I. Rochlin, Professor Emeritus.

Contact Information

Energy and Resources Group

310 Barrows Hall

Phone: 510-642-1640

Fax: 510-642-1085

Visit Group Website

Group Chair

Daniel Kammen

310 Barrows Hall

Phone: 510-642-1139

Group Manager

Megan Amaral

310 Barrows Hall

Phone: 510-642-1760

Adviser for GSI Affairs and Head ERG Minor Adviser

Professor Dan Kammen

310 Barrows Hall

Phone: 510-642-1640

Undergraduate Academic Adviser

Ryann Madden

260 Mulford Hall

Phone: 510-642-4249

Graduate Student Affairs Officer

Kay Burns

310 Barrows Hall

Phone: 510-642-8859

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