History of the Built Environment

University of California, Berkeley

About the Program


The undergraduate minor in the History of the Built Environment is designed to give students an awareness of the history of the built environment through a series of courses in history, architectural history, and cultural landscape. It is offered to all majors. The college’s purpose in offering minors is twofold: to provide a secondary focus to a student’s degree and to bring these additional courses together into a coherent pattern.

There is no major program; students interested in pursuing this course of study at the major level should consider the BA in Architecture program.

Declaring the Minor

A letter grade of C- or higher in ENV DES 1 is required to declare the minor. To declare, students must submit the CED Request to Add Minor Form, available on the CED website. When completing the final requirements for the minor, students must submit the CED Minor Completion Form.

Other Majors and Minors Offered by the Department of Architecture

Architecture (Major and Minor)
Environmental Design and Urbanism in Developing Countries (Minor only)
Social and Cultural Factors in Design (Minor only)
Sustainable Design (Minor only)

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Minor Requirements

Students who have a strong interest in an area of study outside their major often decide to complete a minor program. When completing their final requirements for the minor, students must submit the CED Minor Completion Form, available on the CED website.

General Guidelines

  1. All minors must be declared no later than one semester before a student's Expected Graduation Term (EGT).
  2. A letter grade of C- or higher in ENV DES 1 is required to declare the minor. To declare, students must submit the CED Request to Add Minor Form, available on the CED website.
  3. Each course used to fulfill minor requirements must be completed with a letter grade of C- or above.
  4. Students must earn a 2.0 GPA in the upper division requirements for the minor.
  5. Any course used in fulfillment of minor requirements may also be used to fulfill major and upper division CED non-major requirements.
  6. Courses used to fulfill a breadth requirement may also be used to satisfy minor requirements.
  7. Students may apply the non-CED version of a CED cross-listed course towards the minor.
  8. Students may use up to two courses taken abroad to fulfill upper division minor requirements, with faculty approval of the individual courses.


Lower Division
ENV DES 1Introduction to Environmental Design (A letter grade of C- or higher is required to declare the minor.)3

Upper Division

Five courses

Three of five required Courses
An Historical Survey of Architecture and Urbanism [4]
An Historical Survey of Architecture and Urbanism [4]
Select one upper division, non-CED course with a focus on history and environmental design 1
Select two of the following:
Special Topics in the History of Architecture [3-4] (various offerings each semester)
American Landscapes: History, Culture, and the Built Environment [4]
Cities and the Arts [4]
History and Literature of Landscape Architecture [3]
The American Designed Landscape Since 1850 [3]


History of the Built Environment

Faculty and Instructors

+ Indicates this faculty member is the recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award.


Mark S. Anderson, Professor. Architecture, building design, BIM, integrated project delivery, building construction, school design, housing design, net zero energy desig, nurban design, building integrated modeling, IPD, design-build, prefabricated, modular, architecture in China, architecture in Japan, urban water.
Research Profile

William Andrew Atwood, Associate Professor. Techniques of representation as historical and conceptual instruments.
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Giovanni Betti, Assistant Professor. Architecture, architectural design, performance-based design, next-generation building systems; self-regulated facades; biologically inspired technologies; multifunctional materials, sustainable built environments, design-based research.
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Gail S. Brager, Professor. Architecture, comfort and adaptation in buildings, design and performance of offices.
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Dana Buntrock, Professor. Architecture, construction industry, East Asian studies, architectural practice in Japan.
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Luisa Caldas, Professor. Virtual and augmented reality for building design and simulation, net zero energy and sustainable design, parametric and generative design systems for sustainable architecture, daylighting, daylighting in buildings, housing solutions for the developing world and refugee camps.
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Christopher L. Calott, Associate Professor. Urban Design, Infill Housing, Mixed-use Infill Development, Urban Landscape Infrastructure, Participatory Design and Community Planning, Affordable and Informal Housing, US-Mexico Border Urbanism, Native American Planning and Development, Latin American Urban Development, International Development .
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Greg Castillo, Professor. Architectural history, design discourses and practices, aesthetic theory, counterculture, modernism, interwar and postwar America and Europe, Cold War, Germany, America.
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Raveevarn Choksombatchai, Professor. Architecture, landscape design, space design, media and its effect upon design through filmic techniques and video investigations.
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Renee Y. Chow, Professor. Urban design, architectural design.
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Margaret L. Crawford, Professor. History of architecture, architecture and urban design, urban history and theory, US built environment studies, urbanism in China.
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C. Greig Crysler, Professor and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies, CED. Architecture, geopolitics of architectural discourse, globalization and social production of the built environment, architecture and identity.
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Rene Davids, Professor. Architecture and urban design and theory.
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Maria Paz Gutierrez, Associate Professor. Next-generation building systems, self-regulated facades, biologically inspired technologies, multifunctional materials.
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Lisa M. Iwamoto, Professor. Architecture, design, materials research and fabrication.
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Ronald L. Rael, Professor. 3D printed buildings, additive manufacturing, earth architecture, mud, dirt, dust, U S -Mexico border wall, arid landscapes, ranching, acequias, alipne deserts, ceramics, rural architecture, ruralism, animation, digital modeling, furry buildings, unnatural materials, rasquachetecture.
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Stefano Schiavon, Associate Professor. Energy, architecture, thermal comfort, indoor air quality, building energy efficiency, indoor environment quality, productivity, wellbeing, sustainable building design, simulation and verification, personal environmental control system, energy simulation, underfloor air distribution, radiant, post-occupancy evaluation.
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Simon Schleicher, Associate Professor. Biomimetics, structural engineering, architectural design, 3D printing, 3D scanning, digital fabrication, fabrication, composite structures, finite element analysis, parametric design, bio-inspired structures, robotics manufacturing.
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Andrew Shanken, Professor. Memory, visionary architecture, the unbuilt, paper architecture, heritage conservation, architectural representation, urban representation, diagrams, history of professions, historiography, world's fairs, expositions, California architecture, themed environments.
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Kyle Steinfeld, Associate Professor. Digital design, design computation, data visualization, architectural representation, design methods.
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Roddy Creedon, Continuing Lecturer.

William W. Di Napoli, Continuing Lecturer.

Darell W. Fields, Continuing Lecturer.

Rudabeh Pakravan, Continuing Lecturer.

Keith Plymale, Continuing Lecturer. Architectural Design, Construction and Material Technology, Earthwork Art as Architecture, Native American Architecture, Concrete Structures, Italian Modernism and Brutalism.
Research Profile

Charles Salter, Continuing Lecturer.

Emeritus Faculty

Christopher W. J. Alexander, Professor Emeritus.

+ Nezar Alsayyad, Professor Emeritus. Virtual reality, urban history, Architectural history, Middle Eastern Studies, cross-cultural design, cities and cinema, cultural studies of the built environment, environmental design in developing countries, housing and urban development, Islamic architecture and urbanism, traditional dwelling and settlements, urban design and physical planning.
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Edward A. Arens, Professor Emeritus. Indoor environment, thermal comfort, occupant surveys, building environmental control, ventilation, wind, architectural aerodynamics.
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Richard Bender, Professor Emeritus.

Charles C. Benton, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, thermal comfort, sunlight and shadow patterns, measurement of physical building performance.
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R. Gary Black, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, finite element modeling, finite element analysis, structure and space, experimental testing, timber connections, teaching structures, integrating structure and architecture.
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Peter C. Bosselmann, Professor Emeritus. Urban design, architecture, city and regional planning, landscape architecture.
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Jean-Paul Bourdier, Professor Emeritus.

Gary R. Brown, Professor Emeritus.

Tom Buresh, Professor Emeritus.
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Mary C. Comerio, Professor Emeritus. Disaster recovery, housing impacts in disasters, loss modeling, performance based design.
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Clare Cooper Marcus, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, landscape architecture, environmental planning, medium-density housing, public housing modernization, public open-space design, children's environments, housing for the elderly.
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Galen Cranz, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, sociology of space, urban parks, Alexander Technique, chairs, ergonomics, somatics, body conscious design, social research methods for architecture and urban design, ethnography, programming, post occupancy evaluation and assessment, sociology of taste, housing for the elderly.
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+ Sam Davis, Professor Emeritus.

Margaret Or Penny Dhaemers, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, electronic imaging, 2D and 3D.
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Anthony Dubovsky, Professor Emeritus.

William R. Ellis, Professor Emeritus. Sociology, social issues in architecture and urban design.
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Norma D. Evenson, Professor Emeritus.

Richard E. Fernau, Professor Emeritus.

Harrison Fraker, Professor Emeritus. Urban design, architecture, environmental design, passive solar, daylighting, sustainable design, sustainable systems, urban design principles, transit oriented neighborhoods.
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Paul Groth, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, vernacular architecture, urban geography, suburban America, cultural landscape studies, housing (US).
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Sara Ishikawa, Professor Emeritus.

Yehuda E. Kalay, Professor Emeritus. Virtual reality, new media, computer-aided design, design methods, colaborative design.
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Lars G. Lerup, Professor Emeritus.

Raymond Lifchez, Professor Emeritus.

Donlyn Lyndon, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, structure of place, ethical dimensions of design.
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W. Mike Martin, Professor Emeritus.

Stanley Saitowitz, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, architecture and cooking, urbanism and computers.
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Maryly A. Snow, Professor Emeritus.

Daniel Solomon, Professor Emeritus.

Claude Stoller, Professor Emeritus.

Jill H. Stoner, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, architecture as fiction, derivation of spatial words, Jewish ghettos in Italy.
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Stephen Tobriner, Professor Emeritus.

+ E. Marc Treib, Professor Emeritus. Architecture, East Asian studies, Japanese architecture and gardens.
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M. Susan Ubbelohde, Professor Emeritus. India, architecture, climate and architecture, Le Corbusier, Kahn, Correa, Doshi, culture and practice, daylighting design tools, software evaluation, sky simulator design, low-energy design, California residential industry.
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Sim H. Van Der Ryn, Professor Emeritus.

Contact Information

Department of Architecture

232 Wurster Hall

Phone: 510-642-4942

Visit Department Website

Minor Program Faculty Advisor

Margaret Crawford

480 Bauer Wurster Hall


Minor Program Staff Advisor

Mel Barbers

250 Bauer Wurster Hall


Department Chair

Renee Chow

337 Bauer Wurster Hall

Phone: 510-642-4942


Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies

C. Greig Crysler

354 Bauer Wurster Hall


Director, Office of Undergraduate Advising

Omar Ramirez

250 Bauer Wurster Hall


CED Career Services

Dinorah Meyer


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