About the Program
Bachelor of Arts (BA)
The major applies perspectives from liberal arts disciplines in the social sciences and humanities to examine the central role that media plays in the economic, social, political, and cultural life of citizens in modern societies. Our emphasis in this major is historical and theoretical, examining media systems, institutions, policies, and practices. We offer students the analytical tools available to examine media—old and new, local to global—as well as media consumption and meaning-making processes.
The program weds traditions from communication, history, anthropology, sociology, and political science with critical and cultural studies theory to analyze and assess the role and meaning of media in contemporary societies.
Declaring the Major
Students planning to declare a major in Media Studies are advised to read the Media Studies website in its entirety and then contact a student academic adviser as early as possible to discuss their academic program plans. Visit the program's website for application instructions and deadlines.
Students who wish to declare the major in Media Studies:
- Must have completed at least 30 units of college coursework before applying to the program.
- Must have completed at least three of the major prerequisites, including MEDIAST 10, MEDIAST N10 or MEDIAST W10.
- Must be currently enrolled in any remaining prerequisites at the time of application (see the list of approved major prerequisites on the Major Requirements tab).
- Must have a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 3.2 in courses relevant to the major. This includes the lower division prerequisite courses and the equivalency of transferred coursework as well as any lower or upper division courses already completed for the major.
- Must have earned a grade of B- or better in MEDIAST 10, MEDIAST N10 or MEDIAST W10. (Beginning fall 2020, Media Studies 10, N10 or W10 must be taken at UC Berkeley.)
- Should declare the major no later than the semester in which they complete the 70th unit if they were admitted to Berkeley as a freshman. Junior transfers should declare the major no later than their second semester at Berkeley and should contact a Media Studies student academic adviser concerning their eligibility and the equivalency of transferred coursework.
Students who meet the above criteria are eligible for admission to the major. Students who do not meet the above criteria but wish to declare Media Studies as their major should submit a letter of appeal with a completed application during designated application periods in the fall and spring.
More information regarding declaring the major is available on the Media Studies website. The application dates and a link to the application are available on the home page.
To be admitted to the honors program, a student must have attained at least a 3.5 grade-point average (GPA) overall in the University and a 3.5 GPA in the major. In order to be granted honors, a student must write a thesis which in the judgment of the thesis adviser is characterized by superior distinction. The honors program includes two courses: MEDIAST H194 and MEDIAST H195. For further information on the honors program, please see the program's website.
There is no minor program in Media Studies.
In addition to the University, campus, and college requirements, listed on the College Requirements tab, students must fulfill the requirements specific to their major program.
- All courses taken to fulfill the major requirements below must be taken for graded credit (letter grade).
- Students must complete a minimum of 28 upper division units in approved courses for the Media Studies major.
- Students may not take more than two upper-division courses from any single outside department or program for the Media Studies major. This includes any combined courses which are counted as an elective taken simultaneously from all sponsoring departments or programs.
- No more than one upper-division course may be used to simultaneously fulfill requirements for a student's major and minor programs.
- No more than two upper-division courses may be used to simultaneously fulfill requirements for major requirements for a double major.
- A minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 must be maintained in both upper and lower division courses used to fulfill the major requirements.
For information regarding residence requirements and unit requirements, please see the College Requirements tab.
Summary of Major Requirements
|Prerequisites: Four courses|
|Media Studies core courses: Three courses|
|Methods: One course|
|Upper Division Electives: Five courses|
|MEDIAST 10||Introduction to Media Studies 1||4|
|or MEDIAST W10||Introduction to Media Studies|
|POL SCI 1||Introduction to American Politics 1||4|
|Select one of the following:|
|Introduction to the History of the United States: The United States from Civil War to Present  1|
|The Recent United States: The United States from the Late 19th Century to the Eve of World War II |
|The Recent United States: The United States from World War II |
|Social History of the United States: Creating Modern American Society: From the End of the Civil War to the Global Age |
|Select one of the following:|
|Introduction to Social/Cultural Anthropology (American Cultures) |
|Introduction to Economics  1|
|Introduction to Economics--Lecture Format  1|
|General Psychology  1|
|Principles of Psychology  1|
|Introduction to Sociology  1|
|Principles of Sociology: American Cultures |
Or course equivalents, as recognized by assist.org.
Media Studies Core Courses
|MEDIAST 111||Media History||4|
|MEDIAST 112||Media Theories and Processes||4|
|MEDIAST 113||Media and Democracy||4|
|Select one lower or upper division course from the following:|
|Research Methods in Media Studies |
|Introduction to Empirical Analysis and Quantitative Methods |
|Research and Data Analysis in Psychology |
|Evaluation of Evidence |
|The Power of Numbers: Quantitative Data in Social Sciences |
|Research Design and Sociological Methods |
Upper Division Electives
Students must complete five upper-division electives for the major, including at least one elective each from each of the following three groups:
- Group A. History
- Group B: Specialization in a Medium
- Group C: Theory and Application
All of the courses listed below are approved electives. This list is updated annually. Additional, prior to enrolling each term, Media Studies publishes a list of Current Courses. This list may include other courses that have been approved on a one-time basis–as electives for that semester only. The online archive will serve as a record of these course approvals.
Students wishing to have any other course reviewed as a possible elective for Media Studies must submit a copy of the course syllabus to a faculty adviser.
|AFRICAM 142A||Third World Cinema||4|
|AMERSTD 101||Examining U.S. Cultures in Time||4|
|AMERSTD 101AC||Examining U.S. Cultures in Time||4|
|AMERSTD C112A||American Cultural Landscapes, 1600 to 1900||4|
|AMERSTD C112B||American Cultural Landscapes, 1900 to Present||4|
|AMERSTD C172||History of American Business||3|
|ANTHRO C136K||Who Owns the Past? Cultural Heritage in a Digital Age||4|
|EA LANG 105||Dynamics of Romantic Core Values in East Asian Premodern Literature and Contemporary Film||4|
|ENV DES C169A||American Cultural Landscapes, 1600 to 1900||4|
|ENV DES C169B||American Cultural Landscapes, 1900 to Present||4|
|GEOG C160A||American Cultural Landscapes, 1600 to 1900||4|
|GERMAN 157D||German Intellectual History in a European Context: Historical Figures and Contemporary Reflections: Adorno, Benjamin, Habermas||4|
|GEOG C160B||American Cultural Landscapes, 1900 to Present||4|
|HISTORY 122AC||Antebellum America: The Advent of Mass Society||4|
|HISTORY 128AC||California, the West, and the World||4|
|HISTORY 134A||The Age of the City: The Age of the City, 1825-1933||4|
|HISTORY 182A||Science, Technology, and Society||4|
|HISTORY C182C||Introduction to Science, Technology, and Society||4|
|INFO 103||History of Information||4|
|ISF 100D||Introduction to Technology, Society, and Culture||4|
|ISF 100G||Introduction to Science, Society, and Ethics||4|
|L & S C180W||Who Owns the Past? Cultural Heritage in a Digital Age||4|
|MEDIAST 104A||Freedom of Speech and the Press||3|
|MEDIAST 104B||The History of Journalism||3|
|MEDIAST 104E||History and Development of Online News||4|
|MEDIAST 170||Cultural History of Advertising||4|
|NATAMST 120AC||Photography and the American Indian: Manifest Destiny, American Frontier, and Images of American Indians||4|
|RHETOR 171||The Problem of Mass Culture and the Rhetoric of Social Theory||4|
|UGBA C172||History of American Business||3|
|AFRICAM 142A||Third World Cinema||4|
|AFRICAM 142AC||Race and American Film||4|
|ANTHRO 138A||History and Theory of Ethnographic Film||4|
|ASAMST 171||Asian Americans in Film and Video||4|
|CHICANO 135A||Latino Narrative Film: to the 1980s||4|
|CHICANO 135B||Latino Narrative Film Since 1990||4|
|CHICANO 135C||Latino Documentary Film||4|
|CHINESE 172||Contemporary Chinese Language Cinema||4|
|DEMOG 161||Population Apocalypse in Film and Science||3|
|EA LANG 181||East Asian Film: Special Topics in Genre||4|
|EDUC 183||High School, The Movie||3|
|ENGLISH 173||The Language and Literature of Films||4|
|ENGLISH 176||Literature and Popular Culture||4|
|ETH STD 122AC||Ethnicity and Race in Contemporary American Films||4|
|FILM 108||Special Topics in Film Genre||4|
|FILM 129||History of Avant-Garde Film||4|
|FILM 140AC||Be/longings: Cinema and the Immigrant Experience in America||4|
|FILM 151||Auteur Theory||4|
|FILM 160||National Cinema||4|
|FILM 177||Entertainment Law||4|
|FILM 179||Understanding Film Sound||4|
|FRENCH 177A||History and Criticism of Film||4|
|GWS 125||Women and Film||4|
|INFO C167||Virtual Communities/Social Media||4|
|ISF 100J||The Social Life of Computing||4|
|ITALIAN 170||The Italian Cinema: History, Genres, Authors||4|
|ITALIAN 175||Film and Literature (in English)||4|
|JAPAN 185||Introduction to Japanese Cinema||4|
|JOURN 111||Social Media and Journalism||3|
|KOREAN 186||Introduction to Korean Cinema||4|
|KOREAN 187||History and Memory in Korean Cinema||4|
|KOREAN 188||Cold War Culture in Korea: Literature and Film||4|
|MEDIAST 150||Topics in Film||4|
|MEDIAST 165||Internet and Culture||4|
|MEDIAST 180||Television Studies||4|
|MEDIAST N180||Television Studies||3|
|NATAMST 158||Native Americans and the Cinema||4|
|NATAMST N158||Native Americans and the Cinema||3|
|NE STUD 165||Film and Fiction of Iran||4|
|RHETOR 114||Rhetoric of New Media||4|
|RHETOR 130||Novel into Film||4|
|RHETOR 132T||Auteur in Film||4|
|RHETOR 138||Television Criticism||4|
|SCANDIN 115||Studies in Drama and Film||4|
|SOCIOL 167||Virtual Communities/Social Media||4|
|SOCIOL C167||Virtual Communities/Social Media||4|
|THEATER 118AC||Performance, Television, and Social Media||4|
|AFRICAM 134||Information Technology and Society||4|
|AFRICAM C134||Information Technology and Society||4|
|AMERSTD C134||Information Technology and Society||4|
|ANTHRO 139||Controlling Processes||4|
|ANTHRO 150||Utopia: Art and Power in Modern Times||4|
|ANTHRO 156A||Politics and Anthropology||4|
|ANTHRO 156B||Culture and Power||4|
|ANTHRO 160AC||Forms of Folklore||4|
|ANTHRO 162||Topics in Folklore||4|
|ANTHRO 166||Language, Culture, and Society||4|
|ASAMST 132||Islamaphobia and Constructing Otherness||4|
|ASAMST 132AC||Islamophobia and Constructing Otherness||4|
|ASAMST 138||Topics in Asian Popular Culture||4|
|DEMOG 180||Social Networks||4|
|DUTCH 171AC||From New Amsterdam to New York: Race, Culture, and Identity in New Netherland||4|
|GWS 140||Feminist Cultural Studies||4|
|GWS C146B||Cultural Representations of Sexualities: Queer Visual Culture||4|
|GLOBAL 100S||Global Societies and Cultures||4|
|ISF 100C||Language and Identity||4|
|ISF 100H||Introduction to Media and International Relations||4|
|ISF 100I||Consumer Society and Culture||4|
|JAPAN 178||Murakami Haruki and Miyazaki Hayao: the Politics of Japanese Culture from the Bubble to the Present||4|
|JAPAN 181||Reframing Disasters: Fukushima, Before and After||4|
|KOREAN 109||Korean Language in Popular Media||4|
|KOREAN 185||Picturing Korea||4|
|LGBT C146B||Cultural Representations of Sexualities: Queer Visual Culture||4|
|L & S C138||Art and Activism||4|
|L & S C180U||Wealth and Poverty||4|
|MEDIAST 101||Visual Culture||4|
|MEDIAST 104D||Privacy in the Digital Age||3|
|MEDIAST 140||Media and Politics||4|
|MEDIAST 160||International Media||4|
|MUSIC C138||Art and Activism||4|
|POL SCI 106A||American Politics: Campaign Strategy - Media||4|
|POL SCI 161||Public Opinion, Voting and Participation||4|
|POL SCI 164A||Political Psychology and Involvement||4|
|PSYCH 160||Social Psychology||3|
|PSYCH N160||Social Psychology||3|
|PSYCH 166AC||Cultural Psychology||3|
|PUB POL C103||Wealth and Poverty||4|
|RHETOR 145||Science, Narrative, and Image||4|
|SLAVIC 139||Post-Soviet Cultures||4|
|SOCIOL 110||Organizations and Social Institutions||4|
|SOCIOL 111AC||Sociology of the Family||4|
|SOCIOL 117||Sport As a Social Institution||4|
|SOCIOL 133||Sociology of Gender||4|
|SOCIOL 140||Politics and Social Change||4|
|SOCIOL 141||Social Movements and Political Action||4|
|SOCIOL 145||Social Change||4|
|SOCIOL 150||Social Psychology||4|
|SOCIOL 160||Sociology of Culture||4|
|SOCIOL 163||Popular Culture||3|
|SOCIOL 166||Society and Technology||4|
|UGBA 160||Consumer Behavior||3|
|UGBA 165||Advertising Strategy||3|
Transfer students are urged to complete major prerequisite courses before arriving on campus. New transfers should see the major faculty adviser on arrival in order to have transfer prerequisites reviewed for approval if not on assist.org. Transfers may need assistance in adding Media Studies 10 to their schedules in fall 2020 and spring 2021 if they did not take an approved equivalent at another school. They may also take Media Studies N10 or W10 during the summer when offered.
Beginning fall 2020, all students planning to apply to the Media Studies major at the University of California, Berkeley MUST complete Media Studies 10, N10 or W10 at UC Berkeley, in accordance with the policy approved Spring 2018. Any Media Studies 10 transfer course equivalents completed after summer 2020 will not satisfy the Media Studies 10 prerequisite requirement. Media Studies 10, N10 or W10 must be completed before applying to the major.
Undergraduate students must fulfill the following requirements in addition to those required by their major program.
For detailed lists of courses that fulfill college requirements, please review the College of Letters & Sciences page in this Guide. For College advising appointments, please visit the L&S Advising Pages.
University of California Requirements
All students who will enter the University of California as freshmen must demonstrate their command of the English language by fulfilling the Entry Level Writing requirement. Fulfillment of this requirement is also a prerequisite to enrollment in all reading and composition courses at UC Berkeley.
The American History and Institutions requirements are based on the principle that a US resident graduated from an American university, should have an understanding of the history and governmental institutions of the United States.
Berkeley Campus Requirement
All undergraduate students at Cal need to take and pass this course in order to graduate. The requirement offers an exciting intellectual environment centered on the study of race, ethnicity and culture of the United States. AC courses offer students opportunities to be part of research-led, highly accomplished teaching environments, grappling with the complexity of American Culture.
College of Letters & Science Essential Skills Requirements
The Quantitative Reasoning requirement is designed to ensure that students graduate with basic understanding and competency in math, statistics, or computer science. The requirement may be satisfied by exam or by taking an approved course.
The Foreign Language requirement may be satisfied by demonstrating proficiency in reading comprehension, writing, and conversation in a foreign language equivalent to the second semester college level, either by passing an exam or by completing approved course work.
In order to provide a solid foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking the College requires two semesters of lower division work in composition in sequence. Students must complete parts A & B reading and composition courses by the end of their second semester and a second-level course by the end of their fourth semester.
College of Letters & Science 7 Course Breadth Requirements
The undergraduate breadth requirements provide Berkeley students with a rich and varied educational experience outside of their major program. As the foundation of a liberal arts education, breadth courses give students a view into the intellectual life of the University while introducing them to a multitude of perspectives and approaches to research and scholarship. Engaging students in new disciplines and with peers from other majors, the breadth experience strengthens interdisciplinary connections and context that prepares Berkeley graduates to understand and solve the complex issues of their day.
120 total units
Of the 120 units, 36 must be upper division units
- Of the 36 upper division units, 6 must be taken in courses offered outside your major department
For units to be considered in "residence," you must be registered in courses on the Berkeley campus as a student in the College of Letters & Science. Most students automatically fulfill the residence requirement by attending classes here for four years. In general, there is no need to be concerned about this requirement, unless you go abroad for a semester or year or want to take courses at another institution or through UC Extension during your senior year. In these cases, you should make an appointment to meet an adviser to determine how you can meet the Senior Residence Requirement.
Note: Courses taken through UC Extension do not count toward residence.
Senior Residence Requirement
After you become a senior (with 90 semester units earned toward your BA degree), you must complete at least 24 of the remaining 30 units in residence in at least two semesters. To count as residence, a semester must consist of at least 6 passed units. Intercampus Visitor, EAP, and UC Berkeley-Washington Program (UCDC) units are excluded.
You may use a Berkeley Summer Session to satisfy one semester of the Senior Residence requirement, provided that you successfully complete 6 units of course work in the Summer Session and that you have been enrolled previously in the college.
Modified Senior Residence Requirement
Participants in the UC Education Abroad Program (EAP), Berkeley Summer Abroad, or the UC Berkeley Washington Program (UCDC) may meet a Modified Senior Residence requirement by completing 24 (excluding EAP) of their final 60 semester units in residence. At least 12 of these 24 units must be completed after you have completed 90 units.
Upper Division Residence Requirement
You must complete in residence a minimum of 18 units of upper division courses (excluding UCEAP units), 12 of which must satisfy the requirements for your major.
Student Learning Goals
The Media Studies major at the University of California at Berkeley is an undergraduate interdisciplinary group major in the Office of Undergraduate and Interdisciplinary Studies (UGIS). Courses taught by core faculty in Media Studies cover media history and theory with an emphasis on media systems, policy, and practices. Additionally, faculty from multiple departments across campus bring the perspectives and methods of their fields to bear on the analysis of media in a variety of elective courses. We offer students the analytical tools available to examine media—old and new, local to global—as well as media consumption and meaning-making processes.
The three core courses examine media history, theory and institutions/policy. We provide students the analytical tools available to examine media—old and new, local to global—as well as media consumption and meaning-making processes.
In addition to the core courses, students must take an approved methods course in the social sciences and five approved elective courses, including at least one from each of these three groups: Group A: History; Group B: Specialization in a Medium; and Group C: Theory and Application.
Core courses and electives offered by the Media Studies program—whether examining popular culture and entertainment, advertising, or news and information viewed on cinema, television, computer, or mobile phone screens—ask students to develop critical thinking and analytical skills. Students may also choose to take approved electives offered by other disciplines on campus including anthropology, English, history, linguistics, journalism, political science, and sociology to name a few.
Critical analysis in media studies involves identifying and evaluating evidence, understanding theoretical concepts and being able to apply them to new media materials or situations, and examining the relationships between words and images.
Learning Goals for the Major
Faculty and Instructors
Minoo Moallem, Professor. Transnational and Postcolonial Feminist Studies, cultural studies, Visual and Material Cultures of Religion, Immigration and Diaspora Studies, Middle East Studies, and Iranian Studies .
Josh Jackson, Lecturer. Digital and new media, television, media and culture, convergence, media industries and production cultures, media history .
Richard Jaroslovsky, Lecturer. Media history, impact of digital technologies on newsgathering and dissemination of news, changing economic models of media organizations .
Geoffrey King, Lecturer. Freedoms of speech, press, petition and assembly, citizen journalism, Internet policy, privacy, technology, online surveillance and censorship, open government .
William Turner, Lecturer. Freedom of speech and the press .
Media Studies Program
235 Evans Hall
Professor and Program Director
Minoo Moallem, PhD
Assistant Director, Lecturer and Faculty Advisor
Josh Jackson, PhD
Lecturer and Faculty Advisor
Ian Davis, PhD
Lecturer and Faculty Adviser
Meeta Rani Jha, PhD
Student Academic Advisor
Peter Blackman, MS
237 Evans Hall
Student Academic Advisor
Laura Demir, MA
235 Evans Hall
Media Studies Advising